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Federal Regulations

Clean Air Act of 1990  The 1990 Clean Air Act is the most recent version of a law first passed in 1970 to clean up air pollution.

Clean Water Act of 1977  The act establishes the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the United States.

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA)  Commonly known as Superfund, this law created a tax on the chemical and petroleum industries and provided broad Federal authority to respond directly to releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances that may endanger public health or the environment.

Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act (EPCRA)   EPCRA was enacted by Congress as the national legislation on community safety. This law was designated to help local communities protect public health, safety, and the environment from chemical hazards.

Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA)  A set of laws passed by Congress that give authority to the Food and Drug Administration to oversee the safety of food, drugs and cosmetics.

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)  FIFRA provides federal control of pesticide distribution, sale, and use.

Food Quality Protection Act of 1996  The FQPA amended the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and the Federal Food Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) by fundamentally changing the way EPA regulates pesticides.

Pollution Prevention Act (PPA)  This act focuses industry, government, and public attention on reducing the amount of pollution through cost-effective changes in production, operation, and raw materials use.

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act  This act addresses management of the huge volumes of municipal and industrial solid waste generated nationwide.

Safe Drinking Water Act  The SDWA is the main federal law that ensures the quality of Americans’ drinking water.

Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act  This act is also called the Brownfields Law.  It provides funds to assess and clean up brownfields, clarifies CERCLA liability protections, and provides funds to enhance state response programs.

Superfund Amendments Reauthorization Act (SARA)  The 1986 amendment to CERCLA.

Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)  The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) of 1976 was enacted by Congress to give EPA the ability to track the 75,000 industrial chemicals currently produced or imported into the United States.

The Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act On June 22, 2016, the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act which amends the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), the Nation’s primary chemicals management law was signed into law. The new law includes much needed improvements such as mandatory requirement for EPA to evaluate existing chemicals with clear and enforceable deadlines; new risk-based safety standard; increased public transparency for chemical information; and consistent source of funding for EPA to carry out the responsibilities under the new law.

More Environmental Regulations  The EPA’s list of major environmental laws.